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David Orden

Director, Global Issues Initiative
David Orden
900 N. Glebe Road
Arlington, Va 22203



Ph.D., University of Minnesota, 1984, Economics

M.S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University (Virginia Tech), 1977, Agricultural Economics

B.S., Cornell University, 1971, Agricultural Economics


I have served since 2007 as Director of the Global Issues Initiative (GII) of Virginia Tech’s Institute for Society, Culture and Environment (ISCE) and have been on Faculty since 1983. My areas of interest emphasize the political economy of agriculture, international trade policy, and macroeconomic impacts on trade. I am actively engaged in research and public policy education programs on the economics and political economy of domestic support policies, international trade negotiations, and technical barriers to trade.


See below for contact information:

David Orden
Director, Global Issues Initiative
Institute for Society, Culture and Environment (ISCE)
Virginia Tech Research Center - Arlington
900 N. Glebe Road
Arlington, VA 22203

My research has focused on agricultural policies in a global context and the determinants and effects of various technical barriers to international agricultural trade and the resolution of trade disputes in the World Trade Organization (WTO).


  • Professor, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Tech, 1983-Present 
  • Director of Capacity Strengthening for IFPRI Pakistan Strategy Support Program, 2011-2016
  • Senior Research Fellow, International Food Policy Research Institute, 2003-2016
  • Visiting Professor, Department of Economics and Institute for International Studies, Stanford University, September 1998-June 1999 
  • Chairman, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium, 1996-1997
  • Visiting Fellow, Department of Economics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia, April-December 1990
  • Resident Fellow, National Center for Food and Agricultural Policy, Washington D.C., January-March 1990


American Agricultural Economics Association First-Place Award in the 21st Century Essay Competition, August 2001, for the article The New Century of Multiagriculturalism

American Agricultural Economics Association Quality of Communication Award, August 2000, for the Book: Policy Reform in American Agriculture: Analysis and Prognosis

Committee co-chair for the dissertation An Analysis of the Sources of Growth in French Agriculture, 1960-1984, by Frederic C. Bouchet, which received an American Agricultural Economics Association Outstanding Ph.D. Dissertation Award, 1988


Books and Journal Special Issues Edited

Orden, David (editor). Trade-Related Agricultural Policy Analysis. Studies in International Economics, Number 47 (Keith Maskus, series editor). Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co., 2015.

Beghin, John and David Orden (guest editors). NTMs, Agricultural and Food Trade, and Competitiveness. Special Issue of The World Economy 35:8 (August 2012): 967-1088.

Orden, David, David Blandford and Tim Josling (editors). WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support: Seeking a Fair Basis for Trade. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Josling, Tim, Donna Roberts and David Orden. Food Regulation and Trade: Toward a Safe and Open Global System. Washington D.C.: Institute for International Economics, 2004.

Orden, David, Robert Paarlberg and Terry Roe. Policy Reform in American Agriculture: Analysis and Prognosis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1999.

Selected Journal Articles

Orden, David and Carl Zualuf. “Political Economy of the 2014 Farm Bill.American Journal of Agricultural Economics 97:5 (October 2015): 1299-1311.   

Brink, Lars, David Orden and Giselle Datz.  “BRIC Agricultural Policies through a WTO Lens,” Journal of Agricultural Economics 64:1 (2013):197-216.

Orden, David, John Beghin and Guy Henry.  “Key Findings of the NTM-IMPACT Project,” The World Economy 35:8 (August 2012): 967-972.

Zulauf, Carl and David Orden.  “The Revenue Program Option in the 2008 U.S. Farm Bill: Evaluating Performance Characteristics of the ACRE Program,” Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 39:3 (October 2010): 517-533.

Orden, David. “Recent Macroeconomic Dynamics and Agriculture in Historical Perspective,” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics (August 2010): 467-476.

Peterson, Everett and David Orden. ”Avocado Pests and Avocado Trade.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics 90:2 (2008): 321-335.

Bouët, Antoine, Simon Mevel, and David Orden. “More or less ambition in the Doha Round: Winners and losers from trade liberalization with a development perspective.” The World Economy 30:8 (2007): 1253-1280. 

Cheng, Fuzhi and David Orden. “Exchange Rate Alignment and Producer Support Estimates (PSEs) of India.” Agricultural Economics 36 (2007): 231-41.

Peterson, Everett and David Orden. “Effects of Tariffs and Sanitary Barriers on High- and Low-Value Poultry Trade.” Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics  30:1 (April 2005): 109-127.

Selected Book Chapters

Orden, David and Carl Zulauf. “The 2014 Farm Bill in Historical Perspective” in The Economic Welfare and Trade Relations Implications of the 2014 Farm Bill (Vince Smith, editor). Somerville, MA: Emerald Group Publishing Inc., 2015.

Bureau, Jean Christophe, David Laborde and David Orden.  “US and EU Farm Policies: The Subsidy Habit,” 2012 Global Food Policy Report, International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC, February 2013, pp. 59-68.

Orden, David. “WTO Disciplines and Economic Dimensions of the 2008 U.S. Farm Bill,” in Food Crises and the WTO (Baris Karapinar and Christian Haberli, editors), Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010, pp. 220-241.

Cororaton, Caesar B. and  David Orden. “Poverty Implications of Agricultural and Non-Agricultural Price Distortions in Pakistan,” in Agricultural Price Distortions, Inequality and Poverty, (Kym Anderson, John Cockburn and Will Martin, editors), Washington, D.C.: World Bank, 2010, pp. 209-246.

Josling, Tim, David Orden and Donna Roberts. “Trade Liberalization and Healthy Foods and Diets: Experience Under the WTO Agreement on Sanitary and  Phytosanitary Measures,” in Trade, Food, Diet and Health: Perspectives and Policy Options (Corinna Hawkes, Chantal Blouin, Spencer Henson, Nick Drager and Laurette Dube, editors), Oxford UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, pp. 219-237.

Orden, David, David Blandford and Tim Josling. “Determinants of Farm Policies in the United State,” in Political Economy of Distortions to Agricultural Incentives (Kym Anderson, editor), Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press and Washington D.C.: World Bank, 2010, pp. 162-190.

Orden, David. “Farm Policy Reform in the U.S.: Past Progress and Future Direction,” in Agricultural Subsidies in the WTO Green Box: Ensuring Coherence with Sustainable Development Goals, Melendez-Ortiz, Ricardo; Bellmann, Christophe; Hepburn, Jonathan (eds). Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press, 2009, pp. 86-120.

Orden, David; Blandford, David. “Farm Support Policies of the United States: Review and Prospects for Minimizing Production and Trade Distortions,” in Non-Distorting Farm Support to Enhance Global Food Production, Elbehri, Aziz; Sarris, Alexander (eds). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 2009, pp. 95-140.

Orden, David and Donna Roberts. “Food Regulation and Trade under the WTO: Ten Years in Perspective.” Plenary session paper in Contributions of Agricultural Economics to Critical Policy Issues: Proceedings of the Twenty-Sixth Conference of the International Association of Agricultural Economists (Keijiro Otsuka and Kaliappa Kalirajan, eds). Wiley-Blackwell, 2007, pp. 103-118.