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Bradford Mills

Bradford Mills
250 Drillfield Dr.
205-A Hutcheson Hall
Blacksburg, VA 24061

Bradford Mills' research interests include the roles that technology, education, and social safety nets play in determining household well being. His primary teaching responsibilities include graduate courses in rural development, regional economics, and microeconomics. He has lived and worked in a number of countries including, Sri Lanka, The Gambia, Guinea, Kenya, The Netherlands, and Germany. Keep reading about Mills' role at AAEC by clicking on the information below.


Development economics; international development economics; rural and regional economic development


Ph.D. Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of California at Berkeley, 1993

M.S., Agricultural Economics, University of Connecticut, 1986

B.A., Political Science and Religious Studies, Hobart College, 1984

Current Research Focus

  • Adaptive social protection systems in Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Impacts of Forest Reserve Co-Management
  • Heating Assistance Impacts on Household Food Security
  • Cross-country comparison of energy efficient technology adoption



  • Full, Associate, and Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Tech, Fall 1997 - Present
  • Visiting Scientist, Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, Summer 2007 - Summer 2008
  • Research Officer, International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR), 1995 - Fall 1997
  • Rockefeller Foundation Social Science Research Fellow, ISNAR. Posted to the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute. 1993-1995
  • Research Support Specialist, Cornell University Food and Nutrition Policy Program. Posted to Guinea, Conakry. 1991-1993
  • Peace Corps Volunteer, Department of Agricultural Research Services, The Gambia. 1987-1989.


Recent journal articles

Paik S, Le DTP, Nhu LT, Mills BF (2020) Salt-tolerant rice variety adoption in the Mekong River Delta: Farmer adaptation to sea-level rise. PLoS ONE 15(3): e0229464.

Jianfeng Gao and Bradford Mills (2018). Weather Shocks, Coping Strategies, and Consumption Dynamics in Rural Ethiopia. World Development, 101, 268-283. doi:10.1016/j.worlddev.2017.09.002

Christopher Long, Bradford Mills, and Joachim Schleich. (2018). Characteristics or culture? Determinants of household energy use behavior in Germany and the USA. Energy Efficiency.

Anthony Murray, Bradford Mills, Genti Kostandini. “Do Improved Groundnut Seed Make African Farmers More Food Secure? Evidence from Uganda.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 48:3 (2016). 

Quentin Stoeffler, Bradford Mills, Carlo del Ninno. "Reaching the Poor: Cash Transfer Program Targeting in Cameroon." World Development. 83 (July 2016) 244-263.

Quentin Stoeffler, Jeffrey Alwang, Bradford Mills, Nelson Tarvinga. "Multidimensional Poverty in Crisis: Lessons from Zimbabwe." Journal of Development Studies. 52:3 (2016) 428-446.

Carlo del Ninno and Bradford Mills. Effective Targeting Mechanisms for the Poor and Vulnerable in Africa. World Bank. Washington D.C. 2014.

Bradford Mills and Joachim Schleich. “Household Transitions to Energy Efficient Lighting.” Energy Economics. 46 (November 2014) 151-160.

Anthony Murray and Bradford Mills. “The Impact of Low-Income Home Energy Assitance Program Participation on Household Energy Insecurity.” Contemporary Economic Policy. 32:4 (October 2014) 811-825.

Joachim Schleich, Bradford Mills, Elisabeth Dutschke. “A Brighter Future? Quantifying the Rebound Effect in Energy Efficient Lighting.” Energy Policy. 72 (September 2014) 35-42.

Yiran Li, Bradford Mills, George Davis, and Elton Mykerezi. “Child Food Insecurity and the Food Stamp Program: What a Difference Monthly Data Make.” Social Service Review. 88:2 (June 2014) 322-348.

Elton Mykerezi, Bradford Mills and Ilda Melo “On Intra-Annual Consumption-Poverty in the U.S: Response to SNAP and the Importance of Within-Year Variation.” The Social Science Journal. 50:4 (December 2013) 438-448.

Genti  Kostandini, Bradford Mills, and Lauren Hesterman. “Is Biopharming Living Up to Its Promise? Latest Trends and Implications for the Agricultural Sector”. Journal of Agribusiness. 31:1 (Fall 2013) 181-190.

Bradford Mills and Joachim Schleich. “Residential Energy-Efficient Technology Adoption, Energy Conservation, Knowledge, and Attitudes: An Analysis of European Countries.” Energy Policy.  49 (October 2012): 616-628.

Anthony G. Murray, Bradford F. Mills. “An application of dichotomous and polytomous Rasch models for scoring energy insecurity.” Energy Policy. 51 (December 2012): 946-956.

Anthony Murray and Bradford Mills. “Read the Label! Energy Star Appliance Label Awareness and Uptake Among U.S. Consumers.”  Energy Economics.  33:6 (November 2011): 1103-1110.

Genti Kostandini, Bradford Mills, and Elton Mykerezi. “Ex-Ante Evaluation of Drought Tolerant Varieties in Eastern and Central Africa.” Journal of Agricultural Economics.  62:1 (February 2011): 172-206.

Elton Mykerezi and Bradford Mills.  "The Impact of Food Stamp Program Participation on Household Food Insecurity."  American J. of Agricultural Economics.  92:5 (October 2010): 1379-1391.

Bradford Mills and Joachim Schleich. “Why Don’t Households See the Light? Explaining the Diffusion of Compact Fluorescent Lamps”.   Resource and Energy Economics.  32 (August 2010): 363-378.

Brian Whitacre and Bradford Mills.  “A Need for Speed? Rural Internet Connectivity and the No Access/ Dial-up/ High Speed Decision.”  Applied Economics. 42:15  (June 2010): 1889 - 1905.

Bradford Mills and Joachim Schleich.  “What’s Driving Energy Efficient Appliance Label Awareness and Purchase Propensity?” Energy Policy. 38:2 (February 2010): 814-825.

Bradford Mills and Joachim Schleich.  “Profits or Preferences?  Assessing the Adoption of Residential Solar Thermal Technologies.” Energy Policy.  37:10 (October 2009): 4145-4154.

Bradford Mills and Elton Mykerezi. “Chronic and Transient Poverty in the Russian Federation.” Post-Communist Economies. 21:3 (September 2009).

Genti Kostandini and Bradford Mills. “Ex-Ante Analysis of the Benefits of Transgenic Drought Tolerance Research on Cereal Crops in Low-Income Countries.” Agricultural Economics. 40:4 (July 2009): 477-492.

Genti Kostandini and Bradford Mills. “Market Strategies for a Tobacco Bio-Pharming Application: The Case of Gaucher’s Disease Treatment.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.  41:3 (December 2009): 571–583.

Elton Mykerezi and Bradford Mills.  “The Wage Earnings Impact of Historically Black Colleges and Universities.” Southern Economic Journal. 75:1 (2008): 173-187.

Brian Whitacre and Bradford Mills.  “The Role of Infrastructure in the Rural – Urban Digital Divide.”   International Regional Science Review. 30:3 (2007): 249-273.

Bradford Mills. “The Nature and Causes of the Shifting Distribution of U.S. Family Economic Well-Being.”  Journal of Income Distribution. 14:1-2 (2007): 89-114.

Jonathan Nevitt, Bradford Mills, Dixie Reaves, and George Norton.  “Public Perceptions of Tobacco Biopharming.”  AgBioForum. 9:2 (2006): 104-110.

Genti Kostandini, Bradford Mills, and George Norton.  “The Potential Impact of Tobacco Bio-Pharming: The Case of Human Serum Albumin.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 88:3 (August 2006): 671-679.

Guy Hareau, Bradford Mills, and George Norton. “The Economic Impact of Genetically Modified Organisms in Small Developing Countries.”  Food Policy. 31:2 (April 2006): 162-179.