Mary Marchant

Expertise:

Education:

Ph.D., Agricultural Economics, University of California, Davis, 1989

M.A., Economics, University of California, Davis, 1982

B.Sc., Urban Planning, University of California, Davis, 1979

A.A., Chemistry, Modesto Junior College, 1974

Overview

Mary Marchant's research program focuses on U.S.-China agricultural trade. In response to the escalating trade dispute, she has been interviewed and cited by Fox News, CBS Money Report, the Washington Post, WDBJ local news and numerous agricultural media. Most recently, co-editors Mary Marchant and Holly Wang were awarded the 2019 Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) Quality of Communication Award for their “U.S.-China Trade Dispute and Potential Impacts on Agriculture” 2018 Choices theme issue. This publication continues to have impact with over 10,000 web hits as of September 20, 2019.

Additional career highlights for her research and teaching efforts include:

  • Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Agricultural Economics (Italy). 
  • Agriculture and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) Teaching Award.
  • Best Paper. China section of AAEA
  • Advisor to AAEA-undergraduate academic bowl winning teams.
  • Lifetime Achievement Award, Southern Agricultural Economics Association (SAEA).
  • Co-editor of the Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.
  • Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), Board on Agriculture, Academic Programs Section: Leadership and Service Award.
  • Gamma Sigma Delta-The Honor Society of Agriculture-VT chapter, Research Award.
  • VT Center for Instructional Development and Educational Research, Featured Teacher Award.
  • VT Alumni Award for Excellence in International Research.
  • University of Kentucky Freedman Outstanding Advisor Award.
  • University of Kentucky Alumni Association’s Great Teacher Award.

Marchant has authored over 80 papers in 20 different refereed journals and refereed publications, one sole-authored book, six edited journal volumes and conference proceedings; and has built a research/teaching program funded by more than $4.2 million in grants and external funding.


Throughout her career, Dr. Marchant has led a multi-institutional, multi-disciplinary research team that includes national and international experts on Chinese agricultural policy and trade who study U.S. agricultural competitiveness in Chinese markets. Agricultural exports represent 20 percent of U.S. farmers’ incomes and China plays a key role. Prior to the trade war, China was the United States’ largest agricultural export market in four of the last six years since 2012; thus impacting the economic wellbeing of U.S. agriculture. The overall goal of Dr. Marchant’s research program is to examine and model China's agricultural trade policies and promote U.S. market access to China. Methods used to accomplish this goal include reviewing Chinese trade policy; interviewing U.S. agribusiness leaders operating in China; incorporating policy instruments into existing trade models; and disseminating results. These processes help Dr. Marchant’s team determine U.S. market access impediments and success stories, which are then used to deliver critical insights to stakeholders to enhance U.S. agricultural market access

As highlighted in the “Intro” tab, her research has been recognized through awards at various levels.  Her Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Agricultural Economics is the most prestigious of Fulbright awards where applicants are reviewed by both domestic and international panels.  An additional honor related to research includes being appointed panel manager for the USDA, National Research Initiative (NRI) Competitive Grants Program–“Markets and Trade” Peer Review Panel by the USDA-NRI Chief Scientist. This program has historically been a primary source of competitive funds for agricultural economists.

Role of Graduate Students

Graduate students have been instrumental in my research projects over the past 30 years of my career.  One of my goals is to work with graduate students to enhance their professional development by publishing papers in academic journals and presenting research at professional meetings.  Results include 68 student co-authors on 42 peer-reviewed publications including 27 journal articles as well as 78 student co-authors on 60 presentations at professional meetings—international, national and regional, e.g., the Southern Agricultural Economics Association.

Future Research

I plan to continue my research on China and am also working with colleagues within the Center fro Agricultural Trade on a new grant on barriers to trade.

Recent Projects

•2018-20, Agriculture and Food Research Initiative (AFRI), U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, National Institute of Food & Agriculture (USDA-NIFA), “Effects of Contested Regulatory Measures on U.S. and Global Agricultural Trade,” co- Project Director (PD) with J. Grant (PD) and co-PDs Orden and Peterson. $337,611.

•2014-18, AFRI, USDA-NIFA, “Expanding U.S. Market Access in China’s Evolving Agricultural and Trade Policy Environment,” PD with co-PDs J. Hansen and F. Tuan.  $492,316.; 18% funding rate.

•2016-17, Virginia Tech (VT)-Institute for Society, Culture and Environment (ISCE) Scholars Program, “The Impact of Diversifying China’s Global Agri-Food Suppliers on U.S. Exports” seed grant. PD with former students and co-PDs M. Hejazi, J. Zhu and W. Zhang. $19,728.

Selected Past Projects

•2006-14, Higher Education Programs, USDA-NIFA, “Food and Agricultural Education and Information System (FAEIS),” PD.  $2,188,258.

•2005-10, National Research Initiative (NRI) Competitive Grants Program, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, Cooperative State Research, Education & Extension Service (USDA-CSREES), “Agrobiotechnology in China: Competitiveness Impacts on U.S. Soybean Exports Markets.” PD with co-PDs J. Hansen and F. Tuan. [Only 5 of 71 proposals (7%) funded]. $302,000.

• 2001-04, NRI, USDA-CSREES, “Exporting U.S. Livestock Products to China,” NRI subcontract (Principal Investigator (PI)) with North Carolina A&T ($150,000). $50,000.

• 2000-05, NRI, USDA-CSREES, “Simplified Technology for Enzyme Production with Thermophilic Anaerobic Bacteria,” co-PI with PI S. Nokes and co-PI H. Strobel. $195,000.

• 2001-03, USDA, “Demand Determinants for U.S. Processed Food Exports by Middle Income Countries” cooperative agreement, co-PI with PI M. Reed. Additional funds obtained from the University of Kentucky VP for Research. $24,000.

• 1998-01, NRI, USDA-CSREES, “Assessment of Trade and Foreign Direct Investment on U.S. Competitiveness in Asian Food Markets,” PI. $88,000.

International Research

Dr. Marchant is a recognized expert on China having conducted research in this area for over 20 years.  China research results include four major USDA grants totaling nearly $1 million; editor of three volumes on China--two in Choices and one in AgBioForum, author of over 20 journal articles/refereed publications on China; and (co-)presenter as part of our China research team of 36 national and international presentations including at the 2018 Chinese Agricultural Outlook conference in Beijing, as well as presentations at Nanjing Agricultural University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Wuhan in addition to presentations on China at the International Association of Agricultural Economists—Vancouver, Milan, Australia—and at the International Association of Trade Research Consortium—Washington, DC and Beijing, China.

Current Courses Taught:

  • AAEC 3024 "Monetary and Global Issues" (3 Credits)
  • AAEC 3504 "Agricultural Marketing" (3 credits)
  • AAEC 5004 “Professional Ethics and Expectations” (1 credit)
  • AAEC 6004 "Professional Communication and Engagement" (1Credit)

Previously Taught:

  • AAEC 1006 “Economics of the Food and Fiber System: Macroeconomic Principles” (3 credits)
  • AAEC 3015/3016 “Internship –Job Success” (2 credits)
  • ECON/AAEC 4135 "International Economics" (3 credits)
  • HNFE 4984 “USDA Scholars-Undergraduate Summer Research Program”
  • AAEC 6004 "Seminar course- Success in Academia" (1 Credit)

University of Kentucky:

  • AEC 101 “Economics of Food and Agriculture” (3 credits)
  • UK 101 “Academic Orientation” (1 credit)
  • AEC 305 "Principles of Agricultural Marketing" (3 credits)
  • AEC 399 “Experiential Learning in Agricultural Economics” (3 credits)
  • AEC 410 “International Trade and Agricultural Marketing” (3 credits)
  • AEC 624 "Advanced Quantitative Methods in Agricultural Economics" (3 credits)
  • AEC 796 "Agricultural Marketing and International Trade" (3 credits)

 

Teaching Philosophy

Teaching is very important to me and my teaching philosophy is to enhance students’ academic success and professional development. For graduate students, this means working with students to publish papers in academic journals and present them at scholarly conferences (see Research tab-Role of Graduate Students and CV).  For undergraduates, this means incorporating classroom activities to meet the skills that employers want—communication skills and team work.  Over my 30-year career, I have  taught 16 unique courses at Virginia Tech and the University of Kentucky (UK), to over 2,600 undergraduate and graduate students and also served as academic dean for the Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences.

In regards to the scholarship of teaching and learning, results include seven journal articles related to teaching, 10 peer-reviewed conference proceedings papers and one co-edited teaching conference proceedings.  Additional results include being awarded over $2.6 in external funding, a majority as principal investigator for nearly a decade of a nationwide higher education database, the Food and Agricultural Education System, of student and faculty enrollment, degrees awarded and placements by gender and race in agriculture and related sciences.  Teaching effort recognition spans numerous national, university and college teaching and advising awards including

•        Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), Board on Agriculture, Academic Programs Section: Leadership and Service Award, 2006-08 (national award).

•        Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA)-Distinguished Teaching Award-Less than 10 Years' Experience, 1999. 

•        Virginia Tech Center for Instructional Development and Educational Research (VT-CIDER), Featured Teacher, 2015; award ceremony 2016.

•        VT-CIDER, completion of year-long Large Class Teaching Certificate program, 2014-2015.

•        University of Kentucky (UK) Freedman Outstanding Advisor Award 2003 (university award based on student nominations).

•        UK Great Teacher Award, 1998 (university award based on student nominations).

•        Advisor to AAEA-undergraduate academic bowl winning teams, 1996 and 1997.

•        Gamma Sigma Delta, Master Teacher College Award, UK chapter, 1994.

•        Co-organizer of two national teaching conferences: “Developing a Learning Environment Where All Students Seek to Excel” AAEA pre-conference Chicago, 2001. [Conference sponsored and funded by the AAEA] and "New Technologies and Innovations in Agricultural Economics Instruction" conference endorsed by the AAEA and co-sponsored by the SAEA, Lexington, KY. 1992.

•        Promoted the scholarship of teaching and learning by sponsoring College teaching mini-grants ($60,000), hosted innovative teaching workshops and provided additional financial support for faculty to develop national teaching grant proposals as VT-CALS Associate Dean of Academic Programs.

Experience

  • 2006 - Present: Professor, Department of Agricultural and Applied Economics, Virginia Tech
  • 2015 - Present: Education Lead, CALS Center for Agricultural Trade
  • 2006 - 2008: Associate Dean and Director, Academic Programs, Virginia Tech College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
  • 2003 - 2006: Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kentucky
  • 1995 - 2003: Associate Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kentucky
  • 1989 - 1995: Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Kentucky
  • 2002-2006: Faculty Affiliate, UK Women's Studies Program
  • 1998 Fulbright Distinguished Chair, Universita' degli Studi della Tuscia, Italy
  • 1979-1984 Research Analyst, State of California, Sacramento, CA
  • 1974-1976 Laboratory Technician, Shell Biological Science Research Center, CA

Awards/Honors

Research
Agricultural and Applied Economics Association (AAEA) 2019 Quality of Communication Award as co-editor (with H. Wang), “U.S.–China Trade Dispute and Potential Impacts on Agriculture" Theme Issue, Choices. 2nd Quarter 33:2(2018).    

Gamma Sigma Delta—The Honor Society of Agriculture. Virginia Tech chapter, Research Award of Merit, April 17, 2018.

Editor, “U.S. Commodity Markets Respond to Changes in China’s Ag Policies” Theme Issue, Choices. 2nd Quarter 32:2(2017),.   

Lifetime Achievement Award, Southern Agricultural Economics Association, 2014. 

Best Paper. China section of the Agricultural and Applied Economics Association. Recipients: Virginia Tech graduate Wei Chen, Bryan Lohmar and Mary A. Marchant, presented at the 2012 AAEA annual meeting, Seattle, WA. August 2012.

Co-editor (with D. Bosch), Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 2010-2013.

Virginia Tech Alumni Award for Excellence in International Research, 2010 [university award].

Associate Editor, Agronomy Journal, 2008-2010.

Wethington Award, 2004, 2005. [This award recognizes faculty for prestigious grants.]

Co-Editor (with F. Tuan), AgBioForum:The Journal of Agrobiotechnology Management and Economics. “Special Issue: Agricultural Biotechnology in China,” 5:4 (2002), 178 pages.

National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program, appointed Panel Manager, U.S. Department of Agriculture-Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension Service (USDA-CSREES), 1999-2000.

Fulbright Distinguished Chair in Agricultural Economics--International Trade. The Fulbright Chairs program is the most prominent of Fulbright awards--22 Fulbright Distinguished Chairs were awarded in 1998--only one in agricultural economics.

Gamma Sigma Delta--The Honor Society of Agriculture, member since 1992; International Historian (2000-2006).


Instruction
Virginia Tech-Center for Instructional Development and Educational Research (VT-CIDER), Featured Teacher, 2015; award ceremony 2016.

VT-CIDER, completion of year-long Large Class Teaching Certificate program, 2014-2015.

Association of Public and Land-grant Universities (APLU), Board on Agriculture Assembly, Academic Programs Section: Leadership and Service Award, 2006-2008.  [National award].

University of Kentucky Freedman Outstanding Advisor Award 2003. [University award based on student nominations.]

American Agricultural Economics Association, Distinguished Teaching Award for Less than 10 Years’ Experience, 1999. [One national award presented in this category annually].

University of Kentucky (UK) Great Teacher Award, 1998. [University award based on student nominations.]

Gamma Sigma Delta, Master Teacher Award, UK chapter, 1994.

 

Leadership
VT President’s University Council, elected by CALS faculty to represent them, 2017–2020.

International Association of Agricultural Economists-Elected U.S. board member, 2006-2012.

As VT-CALS Associate Dean of Academic Programs, promoted the scholarship of teaching and learning by sponsoring College teaching mini-grants ($60,000), hosted innovative teaching workshops and provided additional financial support for faculty to develop national teaching grant proposals.

Leadership Development

Virginia Network of the American Council on Education Office of Women in Higher Education, Senior Leadership Series for Women Administrators 2007-2008.
Leadership Fellow, Summer institute for Women in Higher Education Administration Bryn Mawr College 2005.
Leadership Fellow, National Association of State Universities and Land Grand Colleges, 2001-02.

Selected Publications (* indicates current or former student)

Journal Articles

Hejazi, M.,* M.A. Marchant, J. Zhu* and X. Ning.* 2019. “The Decline of U.S. Export Competitiveness in the Chinese Meat Import Market.”  Agribusiness: An International Journal Special Issue “The Twenty-First Century Agribusiness in China.”  35(1):114-126. 

Marchant, M.A., and H.H. Wang, co-editors. 2018. "Theme Overview: U.S.–China Trade Dispute and Potential Impacts on Agriculture." Choices. Volume 33, Quarter 2. 

Hansen, J., M.A. Marchant, W. Zhang,* and J. Grant. 2018. "Upheaval in China’s Imports of U.S. Sorghum." Choices. Volume 33, Quarter 2. 

Marchant, Mary A. “Theme Overview: U.S. Commodity Markets Respond to Changes in China's Ag Policies.” Choices. Quarter 2 (2017). 

Hejazi, M.* and M.A. Marchant. “China’s Evolving Agricultural Support Policies.” Choices. Quarter 2 (2017). 

Hanson, J., M.A. Marchant, F. Tuan, and A. Somwaru. “U.S. Agricultural Exports to China Increased Rapidly Making China the Number One Market.” Choices. Quarter 2 (2017). 

Xie C.*, M. Marchant. "Supplying China's Growing Appetite for Poultry," International Food and Agribusiness Management Review (IFAMR). Volume 18 -- Special Issue A(2015):115-136. 

Marchant, Mary A.  “Innovative Teaching Methods:  Evolutions Spanning a 25 Year Career,” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics.  46:3(Aug. 2014):327-337

Anupa Sharma,*  Mary A. Marchant,  Eric A. Vance,  Eric P. Smith, William W. Richardson and Lisa S. Hightower.* "National Survey of Study Abroad Programs Conducted in Asia Using the Food and Agriculture Education Information System (FAEIS) Database." North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture (NACTA) Journal, 58:2(June 2014)140-147. 

Good, Deborah J., Christina M. McIntyre, and Mary A. Marchant. “The USDA Scholars Program: Innovations in a Summer Undergraduate Research Program.” NACTA Journal. 57:1 (March 2013):62-70.

Chen, Wei,* Mary A. Marchant, Andrew Muhammad. “China's Soybean Product Imports: An Analysis of Price Effects using a Production Systems Approach.” China Agricultural Economic Review. 4:4(November 2012):499-513. 

Marchant, M.A., J. Hamm,* T. Mack, J. Hunnings, W. Richardson, H. Sutphin.  “The USDA’s Food and Agricultural Education Information System:  FAEIS,” North American Colleges and Teachers of Agriculture (NACTA) Journal, December 2010.  

Tuan, Francis, James Hansen, Agapi Somwaru, Mary Marchant, Nicholas Kalaitzandonakes and Funing Zhong. "Hypothetical Commercialization of Biotech Soybeans in China: Impacts on Domestic Markets and International Trade Effects," Journal of Life Sciences. 4:3(April 2010):52-60.

Reaves Dixie Watts, Roger A. Hinson and Mary A. Marchant. "Benefits and Costs of Faculty Participation in Extra and Co-curricular Activities," NACTA Journal. 54:1(March 2010):54-60. 

Song, Baohui,* Mary A. Marchant, and Michael R. Reed. “Competitive Analysis and Market Power of China's Soybean Import Market,” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review. 12:1(2009). 

Zhuang, Jun,* Mary A. Marchant, Sue E. Nokes, and Herbert J. Strobel. "Economic Analysis of Cellulase Production Methods for Bio-ethanol: Comparison of Liquid versus Solid State Cultivation Approaches." Applied Engineering in Agriculture. 23:5(Oct. 2007):679-87. On web:

http://www.eng.buffalo.edu/~jzhuang/Papers/Zhuang_AEA_2007.pdf

Marchant, Mary A.  "Beginning Teaching at a University:  The Ultimate On-The-Job Training Program." Editor’s Selected Reprint. NACTA Journal.  51:4 (Dec. 2007):62-64.  Originally printed in the NACTA Journal.  37:1(March 1993):16-18.  

Peng, Xuehua,* Mary A. Marchant, Xiang Dong Qin, and Jun Zhuang. * “Chinese Consumers’ Preferences for Livestock Products.” International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 8:4(October 2005):62-76. 

Marchant, Mary A., and Baohui Song.* “Assessment of Biotechnology Policies and International Trade in Key Markets for U.S. Agriculture.” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 37:2 (August 2005):379-391 

Marchant, Mary A., and Sanjeev Kumar.* “An Overview of U.S. Foreign Direct Investment and Outsourcing.” Review of Agricultural Economics, 27:3(Fall 2005), 379-386

Zhuang, Jun,* Mary A. Marchant, Christopher L. Schardl, and Courtney Murrell Butler.*  “Economic Analysis of Replacing Endophyte-Infected with Endophyte-Free Tall Fescue Pastures.” Agronomy Journal, 97:3(May-June 2005):711-716. 

Zhang, Guilin, Michael Reed, Mary A. Marchant, and Baohui Song. *  “Chinese Agricultural Products Entering U.S. Markets After WTO Accession.” China and World Economy, 12:4(2004):66-78.

Seale, James L., Mary A. Marchant, and Alberto Basso.*  Imports versus Domestic Production: A Demand System Analysis of the U.S. Red Wine Market.” Review of Agricultural Economics. 25:1 (Spring/Summer, 2003):187-202. 

Saghaian, Sayed H., Michael R. Reed, and Mary A. Marchant. Monetary Impacts and Overshooting of Agricultural Prices in an Open Economy.” American Journal of Agricultural Economics (AJAE). 84:1(2002):90-103. 

Zhong, Funing, Mary A. Marchant, Yulian Ding, and Kaiyu Lu. GM Foods: A Nanjing Case Study of Chinese Consumers’ Awareness and Potential Attitudes.” AgBioForum:  The Journal of Agrobiotechnology Management and Economics. 5:4(2002):136-44.

Marchant, Mary A., Cheng Fang, and Baohui Song.*  “Issues on Adoption, Import Regulations, and Policies for Biotech Commodities in China with a Focus on Soybeans.” AgBioForum:  The Journal of Agrobiotechnology Management and Economics. 5:4(2002):167-174. 

Marchant, Mary A., Dyana N. Cornell, * and Won Koo. “International Trade and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).” Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics. 34:2(2002):289-302. 

Hasan, Mohamad F.,* Michael R. Reed, and Mary A. Marchant. "Effects of An Export Tax on Competitiveness: The Case of the Indonesian Palm Oil Industry." Journal of Economic Development. 26:2(2001):77-90. On web: http://www.jed.or.kr/full-text/26-2/hasan.PDF

Marchant, Mary A., Sayed H. Saghaian,* Steven Vickner. "Trade and FDI Management Strategies for U.S. Processed Food Firms in China." International Food and Agribusiness Management Review. 2:2(1999):131-143. On web: http://purl.umn.edu/34207

Kennedy, P. Lynn, Won W. Koo, and Mary A. Marchant. "Key Issues and Challenges for the 1999 World Trade Organization Agriculture Round." American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 81:5(Dec. 1999):1134-41. On web: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1244097

Marchant, Mary A. and Lydia Zepeda. "The Agricultural Economics Profession at the Crossroads:  Survey Results of Faculty Salary, Employment, and Hiring Prospects."       American Journal of Agricultural Economics. 77(1995):1322-28. On web: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1243369  

Zepeda, Lydia and Mary A. Marchant. “Bigger, Smaller, Richer, Poorer: Trends in Agricultural Economics.” Review of Agricultural Economics. 20:2(1998):406-21. 

Zepeda, Lydia, Mary A. Marchant, and Hui-Shung Chang. "The Status of Women Agricultural Economists in Academia." Review of Agricultural Economics. 15:3(September 1993):537-45. On web: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1349487

Book and Edited Volumes/Conference Proceedings

Marchant, Mary A., and Holly H. Wang, editors. "U.S.–China Trade Dispute and Potential Impacts on Agriculture" Theme Issue, Choices. 2nd Quarter 33:2(2018). Available online: http://www.choicesmagazine.org/choices-magazine/theme-articles/us-china-trade-dispute-and-potential-impacts-to-agriculture  

Marchant, Mary A., editor. “U.S. Commodity Markets Respond to Changes in China's Ag Policies” Theme Issue, Choices. 2nd Quarter 32:2(2017). Available online:  http://www.choicesmagazine.org/choices-magazine/theme-articles/us-commodity-markets-respond-to-changes-in-chinas-ag-policies

University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture. Diversity Task Force Report.  Mary A. Marchant, Chair. Diversity Issues in the College of Agriculture, April 2003. (83 pages).

Marchant, Mary A., and Francis Tuan, guest editors, AgBioForum: The Journal of Agrobiotechnology Management and Economics. “Special Issue: Agricultural Biotechnology in China,” 2002 (178 pages). 

Marchant, Mary A., editor. “Trade and the Environment” conference proceedings. San Antonio, TX.: American Agricultural Economics Association post conference, 1996 (195 pages).

Marchant, Mary A., and Handy Williamson, Jr., co-editors. “Achieving Diversity: The Status and Progress of Women and African Americans in the Agricultural Economics Profession.” NYC, NY: Garland Pub., Industrial Productivity series, 1994 (218 pages). [Also, co-author of five chapters.]

Marchant, Mary A. “Political Economic Analysis of U.S. Dairy Policies and European Community Dairy Policy Comparisons.” New York City (NYC), NY: Garland Publishing Inc., Government and Economy series, 1993 (260 pages). [Invited by Garland Publishing to publish this book.]

Debertin, David L., Mary A. Marchant, and Stephan J. Goetz, editors. “New Technologies and Innovations in Agricultural Economics Instruction” conference proceedings. Lexington, KY: University of Kentucky, Department of Agricultural Economics, 1992 (149 pages). [Also, author of “Innovative Teaching Methods: Discoveries by an Assistant Professor,” pgs 86-95.]

Young, Linda, Mary A. Marchant, and Alex McCalla. “The Political Economy of Ag. Trade:     A Review of the Literature on Domestic Policy Behavior and International Price Formation.” Washington, D.C.: USDA-ERS #AGES9103, 1991 (73 pages).